ІСТОРИКО-ПРАВОВІ АСПЕКТИ ВИНИКНЕННЯ ПРАВОПОРУШЕНЬ, ПОВ’ЯЗАНИХ З КОРУПЦІЄЮ
Corruption is a phenomenon of objective reality, which causes risks in various branches of socio-economic development of the state, especially political and economic sphere, public administration, and is one of the decisive conditions for the existence of organized crime. In turn, a prerequisite for the development of corruption is the crisis of society as a whole, which distorts moral values and neglects the principles of the rule of law.
Despite the different areas of research, as well as the intensive development of modern methods of counteracting corruption, a number of issues remain unresolved, such as: scientific and theoretical elaboration of the feasibility of using the concepts of "corruption", "corruption" and "corruption offense"; to distinguish between corruption offenses related to corruption in the sphere of professional activity and professional activity related to the provision of public services; obstruction of the timely reform of the anti-corruption sector in Ukraine; the need to scientifically justify the feasibility of changes to the legislation in terms of improving the composition of administrative offenses, as well as administrative sanctions for corruption-related offenses.
To provide effective counteraction against corruption-related crimes, it is rather important to find out the historical aspects and preconditions of the origin of this ostent, especially their certain types which are widespread nowadays. In this context the research works analysis of Ukrainian and foreign scientists from different times is of particular importance. It will give us the possibility to justify in modern conditions the recommendations aimed at improving the drawing up the content of administrative offenses as well as administrative sanctions for corruption-related crimes.
Establishing the historical aspects of corruption-related offenses is a summary of the process of knowledge of the phenomenon being investigated. The outlined evidence of the existence of various manifestations of corruption since the formation of the first manifestations of statehood to the present day, allows us to draw some conclusions: the phenomenon of corruption is characterized by a clear social pattern that is inherent in all forms of government; at all times corruption is perceived as a social evil, the counteraction of which is enshrined in legal regulations; the uniformity of the offenders – the authorities; the typical nature of corruption attacks. The results of the historical analysis will provide a solid basis for further research, as part of the scientific substantiation of the feasibility of changes in legislation to improve the composition of administrative offenses, as well as administrative sanctions for corruption-related offenses