МЕТОДИЧНІ АСПЕКТИ ВИЗНАЧЕННЯ НАЛЕЖНИХ УМОВ ДЛЯ ПОВНОГО І НЕЗАЛЕЖНОГО ПРАВОСУДДЯ

  • Т. А. Лопушинський ЗВО “Львівський університет бізнесу та права” https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9931-2351
Keywords: full and independent justice, international standards, the judiciary, funding, ensuring the functioning of the court

Abstract

Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights provides that, in order to determine his rights and obligations and to establish the validity of the criminal charges against him, everyone has the right, on the basis of full equality, to have his case heard in public and compliance with all requirements of justice by an independent and impartial tribunal. This provision was developed in the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (European Convention), in Art. 6 which formulates the defining features of the right to a fair trial, in particular, «fair and public hearing», «reasonable time», «independent and impartial tribunal established by law», «dispute resolution (establishing the merits of the accusation)» and others. In the procedural aspect, the right to a fair trial is supplemented in Art. 13 of the European Convention, which also establishes the right to an effective remedy arising from a violation of the rights and freedoms established by the Convention and consists in the possibility of effective legal protection, even if such a violation was committed by persons exercising their official powers. And, although the European Convention does not contain a direct reference to the organizational framework for ensuring full and independent justice, the wording presented precludes a different view of justice. To substantiate this thesis, we consider the following international standards, which contain generalizations of both legal and organizational principles in this area.

The article substantiates the methodological aspects of determining the appropriate conditions for full and independent justice on the basis of international standards of the judiciary. The study suggests that the main methodological principles for ensuring the conditions for full and independent administration of justice are: adequate state funding of the judiciary; establishment of such procedure of financing of courts that allows to administer justice qualitatively and in full; prevention of possible illegal influence on the courts due to funding restrictions; provision by the state of organizational support for the functioning of courts and other judicial authorities; ensuring such a level of logistical, personnel, information support of courts, at which full administration of justice is possible; development of information technologies; establishing clear boundaries of authority for the financial and organizational provision of conditions for the full and independent administration of justice between the various judicial authorities.

References

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Європейська конвенція з прав людини з поправками, внесеними відповідно до положень Прото¬ко¬лів № 11 та 14 з Протоколами № 1, 4, 6, 7, 12, 13 та 16. URL: https://www.echr.coe.int/Documents/Convention_UKR.pdf

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Бордоська декларація. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/994_a50/card2#Card

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Рекомендації щодо ефективного впровадження основних принципів незалежності судових органів (Прийняті резолюцією Економічної та соціальної Ради ООН 1989/60 та схвалені резо¬люцією Генеральної Асамблеї ООН 44/162 від 15 грудня 1989 року). URL: https://www.vkksu.gov.ua/userfiles/doc/perelik-dokumentiv/rekomendacii-schodo.doc

Рішення РСУ №32 від 05.06.2020 "Щодо першочергових заходів із подальшого здійснення судової реформи в Україні". URL: http://rsu.gov.ua/ua/site/download?doc=L3VwbG9hZHMvZG9jdW1lbnRzL3Jpc2VubmEtcnN1LW5vLTMyLXZpZC0wNTA2MjAyMC1zLnBkZg==

Published
2020-06-29
How to Cite
Лопушинський, Т. А. (2020). МЕТОДИЧНІ АСПЕКТИ ВИЗНАЧЕННЯ НАЛЕЖНИХ УМОВ ДЛЯ ПОВНОГО І НЕЗАЛЕЖНОГО ПРАВОСУДДЯ. Scientific Notes of Lviv University of Business and Law, 25, 180-186. Retrieved from https://nzlubp.org.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/285