СТРУКТУРНІ ЗРУШЕННЯ У ДОДАНІЙ ВАРТОСТІ ТОРГОВЕЛЬНИХ ПІДПРИЄМСТВ УКРАЇНИ
The article describes the significant participation of trade enterprises in the socio-economic development of the country. The dynamics of the mass of structural shifts in the value added of trade enterprises and other trade-related economic activities is analyzed. The methodical approach to estimating structural shifts of value added of enterprises by types of economic activity in the general structure of economy is outlined. The calculation of the speed and intensity of structural changes in the value added of trade enterprises and other trade-related economic activities.
Over the past three decades, trade liberalization has become widespread, especially among developing countries and countries with economies in transition, due to significant constraints on import-based development strategies and the influence of international financial institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. its support for trade liberalization.
The positive dynamics of trade may well be a transmitter of economic incentives around the world and a means of constant recovery, especially if it is enhanced by additional efforts to reduce barriers and further expand trade opportunities. Recognition of the long-term benefits of expanded trade, as well as the positive role that trade can play in the current economic recovery, are key factors that should be reflected in the trade policy of enterprises and the country as a whole.
In the context of our study, the features of sharp structural changes in the dynamics of value added of trade enterprises and other trade-related economic activities are analyzed. The base period is set in 2010 – the beginning of a gradual socio-economic recovery after the global financial crisis of 2008.
The greatest impact of trade enterprises on the economic structure is observed in 2011. Thus, against the background of other economic activities (agriculture, manufacturing and construction), the intensity of structural changes in trade during this period became the most important, but in 2012 there was a sharp decline of this indicator and from now until 2019 its negative dynamics is traced. A sharp decrease in the value of the intensity of structural changes can also be observed in agriculture, but from 2012 to 2015 there was a sharp increase in this indicator. Among the services related to the activities of trade enterprises, the intensity of structural changes in transport, warehousing, postal and courier activities is similar.
Significant structural impact in 2011 is due to the following trends of this period: a significant increase in wholesale and retail trade, including food and non-food products; an increase in the number of supermarkets and supermarkets; intensification of advertising activities; introduction of the latest trade formats; reduction of turnover; increase in the volume of disposed investments in fixed assets; growth of financial results from ordinary activities of trade enterprises.