МІЖНАРОДНИЙ ДОСВІД ВИТРАЧАННЯ ПАЛИВНО-ЕНЕРГЕТИЧНИХ РЕСУРСІВ
Rational use of fuel and energy resources in the context of human development raises fundamental problems of optimizing the activities of the state in new, more complex conditions. The essence of these problems is the significant dependence of the economy on natural resources, as it is about the use of fresh and new water resources, subsoil, land, etc., for the needs of society and the state.
Mostly extensive growth of production worldwide in the 60-the 70s of the twentieth century, and the increasing use of energy resources by irrational technologies has led to a significant reduction in mineral reserves used for energy production and environmental pollution. This is causing concern among scientists around the world. In addition, production is becoming less and less economically efficient as natural resources are depleted: soils, minerals, forests, marine resources, etc.
The leading Western European countries to pay considerable attention to regulating the use of fuel and energy resources because although they were known to be limited, the scale of service, location and methods of extraction and delivery had little effect on economies. This issue received special attention from government agencies after the energy crisis of the 1970s, when there was a clear need to reform the fuel and energy sector, optimize the use of energy resources, which required state participation in these processes, not relying solely on economic factors. With this in mind, the administrative activities of state bodies in Western Europe and North America have adjusted accordingly.
In this article, weighing the international experience explores questions of using the energy potential of foreign countries. Based on legal Analysis and practice of copyright authorities determined vision and energy were countering prodigally use of energy resources.
Given the international experience in combating wasteful consumption of fuel and energy resources, the priority areas of cooperation between Ukraine and foreign countries in the field of energy-saving today should be: improving the procedures required for environmental impact assessment; implementation of a communication strategy to support ecological policy; support for civil society actors and local authorities; development of framework legislation, improvement of basic procedures and ensuring the development of plans for crucial subsectors of the environment, defined in the Main Directions of the state policy of Ukraine in the field of environmental protection, their implementation; implementation of the provisions of the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change; expansion of regional cooperation with neighbouring countries.