ОСНОВНІ ЧИННИКИ ФОРМУВАННЯ ДЕВІАНТНОЇ ПОВЕДІНКИ НЕПОВНОЛІТНІХ
. Socio-economic, political, social, demographic, and other today's changes do not contribute to the harmonious formation of personality. In particular, the tendency to increase deviations is observed among minors because it is in this age period is the formation and formation of psychological characteristics of personality, character and individuality. Manifestations of deviant behaviour hinder the further socialization of the personality of minors, the inclusion of the individual in the system of social ties and relations, the development of their civic identity.
The article deals with the main factors of the formation of deviant behaviour of minors. The theoretical approaches, which are the basis for selecting and classifying deviant behaviour factors of juveniles, are analyzed. It is noted that the formation of deviant behaviour is determined by biological, social, pedagogical, socio-psychological and individual psychological factors that make up a unified system. It is concluded that the analysis of risk factors for deviations contributes to the individualization of psychological and pedagogical work with minors since it denotes specific directions of the diagnostic and psycho-corrective program of social support for the particular child.
Thus, deviant personality behaviour is an extremely complex form of social personality behaviour determined not by one but by a system of interrelated factors. The main factors that determine minors' deviant behaviour are external and internal, namely: biological, social, pedagogical, socio-psychological and individual-psychological (intrapersonal). The most studied and, accordingly, the most important of them, the authors consider socio-psychological factors, particularly the influence of family climate and upbringing. The family is a social institution whose function is the primary socialization of children. Harmonious development of the adolescent's personality is impossible without creating an atmosphere of friendliness, love, mutual understanding and respect between parents and adolescents. A significant internal factor in the minor's behaviour deviations from social norms is individual psychological qualities, namely motives and values, cognitive and emotional sphere, locus of control and self-esteem of the minor. Therefore, to develop measures and technologies for the prevention and correction of deviant behaviour of minors, it is necessary to consider the impact of all prerequisites for the implementation of behaviour that deviates from social norms. At the same time, the analysis of risk factors for deviations contributes to the individualization of psychological and pedagogical work with minors, as it indicates specific areas of the diagnostic and psycho-correctional program of social support for a particular child.