Editorial Policy

Open access policy, licensing and copyright.

Journal shares the idea of free knowledge exchange. Journal has consistently followed an open access policy. All journal content is licensed under the Creative Commons BY 4.0 International License. By submitting an article to Journal, the author automatically agrees to transfer the non-exclusive publishing rights to publish the articles. The author gives the Journal the right to publish and place the piece on the Journal's website in open access. The author retains all copyrights without restriction. The author does not receive royalties. 

Each article is available as a separate full-text publication unit in PDF format with a unique URL on the Journal website.

 Ownership and management. Editorial board.

The founder of Journal is Lviv University of Business and Law (Ukraine). The founder does not have the authority to manage the Journal but may submit proposals for possible directions of development to the editorial board.

The editorial board of the Journal was formed voluntarily by scientists who expressed support for global prosperity ideas. The editorial board includes a member in the editorial board by a decision taken by a majority vote.

Members participate in the work of the editorial board based on strict adherence to ethical policies. The editorial board excludes a member in case of violation of ethical requirements without the possibility of re-inclusion. If there is substantiated evidence of an ethical breach, the editorial board shall expel a member of the editorial board by a decision taken by a majority vote.

The Editorial Board Chairman manages the Journal. The Editorial Board Chairman is appointed and replaced by the editorial board by a decision taken by a majority vote.

The administrative work performs Editor-in-Chief, appointed by the decision of the Editorial Board Chairman. The Editor-in-Chief of the Journal operates strictly within the ethical Policy of the Journal.

 Editorial process and quality control system.

The Editorial Board operates to ensure the proper conduct of the editorial process and quality control. To ensure excellent quality, all articles, without exception, proceed through the same editorial process and quality control stages. The editorial process includes the following steps: receiving an article; quality control of the paper; publication or rejection of the article.

The quality control system covers the following stages: the editorial office receives the article; the editor carries out the initial check of the article for compliance with the general and technical requirements of the publication, the presence of plagiarism (using Grammarly's plagiarism checker); in the absence of remarks, the editor directs the article to the reviewer following the principle of double-blind review; depending on the results of the review, the editor decides to a) publish the article; b) sending the article to the author for revision according to the editor's remarks; c) rejection of the article; the editor informs the author about the decision with remarks on the article (if any presents); if the author re-submits the article after correcting the reviewer's remarks, the editor checks the completeness and quality of corrections (or, if necessary, re-submits the article to the reviewer) and decides to publish or reject the article. The rejection of the article is final. In case of irrefutable evidence of an ethical violation by the editor or reviewer, the author may appeal to the Editorial Board Chairman.

Double-blind peer-reviewing is peer-reviewing when the reviewer does not know the author's data (name and affiliation and other data that may influence the reviewer's decision). The author has no information about the reviewer's identity.

Ethical requirements.

Responsibilities of the Editorial Board:

  • The editorial board carries out the general management of the journal, controls the quality of its content and compliance with the Journal's mission.
  • The Editorial Board does not interfere in the editorial process but may point out the identified shortcomings to the Editorial Board Chairman.

Responsibilities of the Editorial Board Chairman.

  • Editorial Board Chairman controls the quality of the issue before its publication.
  • The Editorial Board Chairman does not interfere in the editorial process except as provided in the second part of these standards. 
  • The Editorial Board Chairman considers all complaints received in connection with a possible violation of ethical standards and makes an informed and reasoned decision.
  • The Editorial Board Chairman conducts the editorial process if Editor-in-Chief is an author (co-author) of an article.

Editor-in-Chief Responsibilities.

  • The Editor-in-Chief diligently performs the duties provided by the Editorial Policy.
  • In the performance of his or her duties, the Editor-in-Chief treats all authors neutrally, regardless of their race, gender, language, religion, political or other beliefs, national or social origin, property or another status. Personal acquaintance with the Editor-in-Chief does not affect any decisions regarding the editorial process.
  • The author's attempt to influence the Editor-in-Chief's decision in any way results in the final refusal to publish the article and makes further cooperation impossible.
  • When selecting articles, the Editor-in-Chief pays attention only based on their academic merit, without commercial influence.

Responsibilities of reviewers.

  • Reviewers work to ensure a decent academic level of the article, diligently and promptly.
  • Reviewers refrain from using the manuscript or part thereof for purposes other than the review.
  • Reviewers do not claim or receive any remuneration for their work. 
  • Reviewers promptly notify the Editor-in-Chief of the inability to participate in the editorial process due to a conflict of interest or other reasons.

Responsibilities of authors.

  • The authors provide the most accurate and complete data regarding their manuscript, authorship and institutional affiliation.
  • The authors guarantee that the submitted manuscript (or part thereof) is not considered and is not published in any other publication.
  • The authors guarantee that the submitted manuscript is original and contains all references to material from other sources.
  • The authors guarantee that any research is performed following the law. Authors must obtain direct permission from study participants and maintain their confidentiality.
  • The authors report any conflict of interest that could affect the objectivity of the study.

Publisher Responsibilities.

  • The Publisher exercises general control over the quality of the publication with the publishing standards and does not interfere in the editorial process. In case of any problems, the Publisher shall notify the Editorial Board Chairman.

Reaction to unethical behaviour.

Unethical behaviour can be identified by anyone involved in the editorial process and journal readers, and others.

In case of recognising unethical behaviour, the person must immediately notify the Editorial Board Chairman. Informing the Editorial Board Chairman, such a person provides complete, accurate and sufficient information.

Unethical conduct may include plagiarism, fraud, falsification and other cases set out in these standards but not limited to.

Based on the complaint review, the Editorial Board Chairman makes one of the following decisions.

  • Informs the participant of the editorial process about where and under what circumstances the violation of ethical standards occurred.
  • Sends a strict letter to the violator. This letter should contain a description of the identified violations and a call for lawful behaviour in the future.
  • Publishes an official notice on the Journal's website describing the violation.
  • Publishes an editorial report describing the violation.
  • Sends an official letter to the funding organisation or employer of the author or reviewer.
  • Carries out an official retraction of the publication from the journal in combination with informing the employer of the author or reviewer, data storage and indexing agencies and organisations, as well as readers.
  • Sends materials for further consideration to a higher authority.